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"Chinese Argument" Figural Group

Decorative Arts

On View: American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, Nations Divided, 1860–1910
Who is allowed into the American eagle’s nest? Although this figural group incorporates nineteenth-century racial stereotypes, it was a cry against discrimination. A white child wearing the cap of liberty shares the eagle’s nest with a black child, who is nevertheless pressed down. The Chinese man’s attempt to join them is clearly doomed.

This sculpture reflects the debate surrounding the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, which curtailed Chinese immigration. The influx of Chinese workers began in earnest with the California Gold Rush of 1848. With an economic downturn in the 1870s, many Americans saw Chinese immigrants as competition for scarce jobs.
MEDIUM Porcelain
  • Place Manufactured: Brooklyn, New York, United States
  • DATES ca. 1882
    DIMENSIONS H: 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm)  (show scale)
    INSCRIPTIONS on front bottom of base in black: "Chinese Argument"
    COLLECTIONS Decorative Arts
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, Nations Divided, 1860–1910
    ACCESSION NUMBER 2009.70
    CREDIT LINE Gift of John D. Rockefeller III and Eleanor Wallace, by exchange
    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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    CAPTION Karl L. H. Mueller (American, born Germany, 1820-1887). "Chinese Argument" Figural Group, ca. 1882. Porcelain, H: 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of John D. Rockefeller III and Eleanor Wallace, by exchange, 2009.70. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2009.70_PS9.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 2009.70_PS9.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2013
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION A complex sculptural group depicting a nest on top of a tree trunk. In the nest are an eagle at the back, and at center a nude putto in a slouching Phrygian cap with right arm about the neck of the eagle and left arm extended and holding down a young black boy at the front of the nest. On the tree trunk is a Chinese man trying to climb into the nest. There are rodents nestled in holes in the tree, all on a raised stepped circular base. Overall matte glaze.
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    Karl L. H. Mueller (American, born Germany, 1820-1887). <em>"Chinese Argument" Figural Group</em>, ca. 1882. Porcelain, H: 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of John D. Rockefeller III and Eleanor Wallace, by exchange, 2009.70. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2009.70_PS9.jpg)

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