Bwami Hat for Kindi Level
Arts of Africa
This hat would only have been worn by initiates to Kindi, the highest level of Bwami. Tail hair of an elephant, a metaphor for Kindi, crowns the hat. European-made buttons began to replace cowrie shells as prestige items on such Bwami paraphernalia as the Western presence grew in eastern Congo in the early twentieth century.
Plant fiber, buttons, glass beads, elephant tail hair
early 20th century
This item is not on view
Designated Purchase Fund
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Lega. Bwami Hat for Kindi Level, early 20th century. Plant fiber, buttons, glass beads, elephant tail hair
, 15 1/2 x 6 1/2 in. (39.4 x 16.5 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Designated Purchase Fund, 2011.3.1. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2011.3.1_PS6.jpg)
overall, 2011.3.1_PS6.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2011
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Hat composed of two layers of plant stems that are woven together in a basketry form. Exterior is covered with buttons (glass and plastic?) and the edge is trimmed with alternating orange and yellow colored glass beads. The hat is primarily covered in white buttons with a band of red in the center, with 2 sections of 3 pink buttons. The strap is decorated with pink and white buttons. The buttons are sewn on to the hat with coarse brown Z twist thread made from plant material. Sewn on to the crown of the hat is a bundle of elephant tail hair, decorated with red glass beads and two black, metal (?) beads. A piece of fiber is twined and knotted within the bundle. The lower portion of the bundle, where it is sewn on to the crown is wrapped in blue, red, and a single yellow glass bead. The surface of the hat is lightly soiled.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.