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Archbishop Narciso Coll y Prat and José-Vicente-Eulogio-Ramón-Ignacio-de-Jesús de Rada-y-Verois

Emeterio Emazábel

European Art

Venezuela was an important part of Spain’s Caribbean empire until it gained independence in 1821. In the late colonial period, Emeterio Emazábel painted this double portrait to commemorate the occasion when an elite Creole (a person of Spanish descent born in the Americas) received his degree from the Royal and Pontifical University of Caracas. The city’s Spanish-born archbishop, who also served as the university’s rector, conferred the degree. Less than 2 percent of the population in late colonial Venezuela received a university education, which was then not available to non-nobles, women, or people of color.

Venezuela fue parte importante del imperio caribeño español hasta obtener su independencia en 1821. Durante fines del periodo colonial, Emeterio Emazábel pintó este retrato doble para conmemorar la ocasión en que un criollo (una persona de descendencia española nacida en las Américas) de la élite recibió su diploma de la Real y Pontificia Universidad de Caracas. El arzobispo español de la ciudad, quien también era el rector de la universidad, confirió el diploma. Durante la etapa final de la Venezuela colonial, menos del 2 por ciento de la población recibía una educación universitaria, la cual en ese entonces no era permitida para los que no eran nobles, las mujeres, ni para las personas de color.

MEDIUM Oil on canvas
DATES ca. 1811
DIMENSIONS 55 1/2 x 37 3/4 in. (141 x 95.9 cm) frame: 76 3/8 x 55 x 3 in. (194 x 139.7 x 7.6 cm)  (show scale)
COLLECTIONS European Art
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
ACCESSION NUMBER 2012.91
CREDIT LINE Gift of Lilla Brown in memory of her husband, John W. Brown, by exchange
RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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CAPTION Emeterio Emazábel (Venezuelan, active 1810-1840). Archbishop Narciso Coll y Prat and José-Vicente-Eulogio-Ramón-Ignacio-de-Jesús de Rada-y-Verois, ca. 1811. Oil on canvas, 55 1/2 x 37 3/4 in. (141 x 95.9 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Lilla Brown in memory of her husband, John W. Brown, by exchange, 2012.91 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2012.91_PS9.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 2012.91_PS9.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2015
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
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Emeterio Emazábel (Venezuelan, active 1810-1840). <em>Archbishop Narciso Coll y Prat and José-Vicente-Eulogio-Ramón-Ignacio-de-Jesús de Rada-y-Verois</em>, ca. 1811. Oil on canvas, 55 1/2 x 37 3/4 in. (141 x 95.9 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Lilla Brown in memory of her husband, John W. Brown, by exchange, 2012.91 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2012.91_PS9.jpg)