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Peelatchiwaaxpáash / Medicine Crow (Raven)

Wendy Red Star

Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art

Wendy Red Star’s 1880 Crow Peace Delegation series features the artist’s notations about native heritage, history, and identity, handwritten on reproductions of Charles Milton Bell’s photographs of Crow leaders. The original photographs were taken during a historic meeting of the Crow delegation with the U.S. government in Washington, D.C., in 1880, to negotiate the expansion of the Northern Pacific Railroad through the Crow reservation. Shortly after, these photographs began to circulate as part of a stereotyped, commercialized, and flattened understanding of Native American leadership.

The artist’s notes elucidate the meaning of various costume elements, educating nonindigenous viewers while also commenting on white Americans’ ignorance of Native American culture. Red Star also includes information about each Chief: anecdotes of bravery, personal details, and a note about how Pretty Eagle’s body was kept for 72 years at the American Museum of Natural History, a potent institutional critique.

This series includes five additional portraits of these five leaders; for more information, visit
MEDIUM Inkjet print
DATES 2014
DIMENSIONS each panel: 25 × 17 in. (63.5 × 43.2 cm)  (show scale)
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
EDITION Edition: 1/15
CREDIT LINE Gift of Loren G. Lipson, M.D.
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CAPTION Wendy Red Star (Apsáalooke (Crow), born 1981). Peelatchiwaaxpáash / Medicine Crow (Raven), 2014. Inkjet print, each panel: 25 × 17 in. (63.5 × 43.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Loren G. Lipson, M.D., 2018.19.1a. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: , 2018.19.1a_PS9.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 2018.19.1a_PS9.jpg., 2018
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Wendy Red Star (Apsáalooke (Crow), born 1981). <em>Peelatchiwaaxpáash / Medicine Crow (Raven)</em>, 2014. Inkjet print, each panel: 25 × 17 in. (63.5 × 43.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Loren G. Lipson, M.D., 2018.19.1a. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: , 2018.19.1a_PS9.jpg)