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Brooklyn Bridge at Night

Joseph Pennell

American Art

After many years abroad, Joseph Pennell settled in Brooklyn Heights in 1921. His upper-story apartment afforded magnificent views of New York, its waterways, and its bridges—all of which were regular subjects in his art. Pennell achieved the tenebrous effects of this work with aquatint, an etching technique in which the picture is conceived in tone rather than line. Aquatint uses a plate coated with a porous, grainy ground. During the bath, acid bites the underlying metal around the tiny grains, thus creating a subtly patterned area that prints as a tonal wash. Varying the bath time for different sections of the plate results in darker or lighter tones.
MEDIUM Aquatint in black ink on cream, light-weight, slightly textured laid paper
DATES 1922
DIMENSIONS Sheet: 8 3/8 x 10 1/2 in. (21.3 x 26.7 cm) Image: 7 3/8 x 8 13/16 in. (18.7 x 22.4 cm)  (show scale)
SIGNATURE Signed below image in center, in pencil: "Jo Pennell [imp?]"
INSCRIPTIONS In Pennell's writing "The Bridge"
CREDIT LINE Gift of the artist
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
CAPTION Joseph Pennell (American, 1860-1926). Brooklyn Bridge at Night, 1922. Aquatint in black ink on cream, light-weight, slightly textured laid paper, Sheet: 8 3/8 x 10 1/2 in. (21.3 x 26.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the artist, 25.50 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 25.50_PS1.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 25.50_PS1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2006
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RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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