Arts of Africa
Christianity most likely arrived in Ethiopia in the first century. The conversion of King Ezana in 330 c.e. led to its official acceptance and the minting of coins bearing one of the earliest uses of the cross as a Christian symbol. Although the silver pendant crosses in the Museum’s collection are from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, their forms have a considerably longer history, as the much older copper, wood, and iron crosses here demonstrate.
Hand crosses, which are used by priests, are either hand-held or suspended from a cord around the neck. They are kissed by the faithful to receive a blessing. Processional crosses are carried on long poles in religious processions. Prayer staffs are used to mark rhythms during sacred dances and as supports to lean on while standing for long hours during Orthodox church services. Together, all of these crosses are emblems of the Ethiopian Orthodox church’s ongoing authority.
19th or 20th century
Gift of George V. Corinaldi Jr.
Silver neck cross in form of a circle with a Maltese cross in the center. Both sides have incised designs. At the bottom is a small cross with diamond shaped arms; on each side of the circle of three triangular forms, and at the top is a T form with a ring for suspension.
This item is not on view
Amhara. Pendant Cross, 19th or 20th century. Silver, 2 1/8 x 1 1/2 in. (5.4 x 3.8 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of George V. Corinaldi Jr., 79.72.24. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 79.72.24_front_PS6.jpg)
front, 79.72.24_front_PS6.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2011
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