Scribe's Exercise Board with Hieratic Text
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Egyptian Orientation Gallery, 3rd Floor
Hieratic, the cursive form of hieroglyphs, was used most commonly for writing literature, business and personal letters, and record keeping. It was the first form of writing that Egyptian students learned. A youthful scribe wrote a hieratic inscription on this exercise board in the early New Kingdom. The text is an extract from “The Instructions of King Amunemhat,” composed in the Twelfth Dynasty, nearly four hundred years before the board was inscribed. The king urges his son: “Be on your guard against all who are subordinate to you . . . trust no brother, know no friend, make no intimates.” This “teaching” belonged to a common literary genre of classic texts often used to practice writing.
ca. 1514-1493 B.C.E.
6 3/16 x 10 15/16 x 3/16 in. (15.7 x 27.8 x 0.4 cm) (show scale)
Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Scribe's Exercise Board with Hieratic Text, ca. 1514-1493 B.C.E. Wood, ink, 6 3/16 x 10 15/16 x 3/16 in. (15.7 x 27.8 x 0.4 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Evangeline Wilbour Blashfield, Theodora Wilbour, and Victor Wilbour honoring the wishes of their mother, Charlotte Beebe Wilbour, as a memorial to their father, Charles Edwin Wilbour, 16.119. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, CUR.16.119_erg456.jpg)
. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 9/5/2007
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Oblong wooden scribe’s exercise board, gesso coated, with obverse and reverse inscribed in Hieratic with portion of “Instructions of Amenemmes I” (Text in black, dots in red).
The board is a typical exercise board of the New Kingdom and has the customary hole for suspension on the right edge. There are faint traces of other inscriptions presumably erased by the scribe.
Condition: Extremely fragile. Fragments missing from upper edge and left side; small portion of gesso coating missing. Entire object assembled from many fragments.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.