Hathor Heads, Scarab, and Disk Beads
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Egyptian Orientation Gallery, 3rd Floor
Most ancient Egyptians owned at least one necklace.
The simplest examples were made of tiny beads of shell, bone, faience, metal, or glazed steatite. More complex versions had beads in the form of amulets, including uraeus-cobras, wedjat-eyes (the eye of the falcon-god Horus, symbolizing wholeness), scarabs (charms in the form of beetles), or images of gods such as Hathor. Individual beads as well as complete necklaces had significance. Beads reproducing fruits or flowers, such as the examples in this case, were believed to enhance fertility. Military officers presented fly necklaces to valiant soldiers to acknowledge their tenacity in battle.
ca. 1390-1353 B.C.E.
late XVIII Dynasty
Gift of Mrs. Lawrence Coolidge and Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss, and the Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
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Hathor Heads, Scarab, and Disk Beads, ca. 1390-1353 B.C.E. Faience, 1/4 x 17 11/16 in. (0.6 x 45 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Mrs. Lawrence Coolidge and Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss, and the Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 48.66.37. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, CUR.48.66.37_NegL1009_12_print_bw.jpg)
. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2013
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