On View: Asian Galleries, West, 2nd floor (China)
Painting porcelain in underglaze red using copper-oxide pigment was introduced in the imperial kilns at Jingdezhen during the Yuan dynasty and continued into the early Ming. In this early period, use of the pigment was still experimental, and the fired copper would often create a color more gray than bright red. The taste for underglaze red in the Hongwu period was in part a result of the lack of imported cobalt at this time. The overall shape of the vessel, as well as details such as the raised vertical rib down the handle and the three studs at its base, refers to metal prototypes from the Middle East or Central Asia, and the scrolling pattern of the painted decoration is common in Islamic art.
Porcelain with copper-red underglaze design
Yuan Dynasty (possibly early Ming Dynasty)
The William E. Hutchins Collection, Bequest of Augustus S. Hutchins
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Ewer (Zhihu), 1279-1368. Porcelain with copper-red underglaze design, 11 7/16 x 8 1/4 in. (29 x 21 cm). Brooklyn Museum, The William E. Hutchins Collection, Bequest of Augustus S. Hutchins, 52.132. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 52.132_PS6.jpg)
overall, 52.132_PS6.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2013
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Lipped mouth; constricted neck; gall-bladder shaped belly; circular foot; long spout; neck and spout has a linked cloud-shaped piece; curved handle; cover has a small knob; below handle is pattern of 3 coins. Copper-red underglaze painting: 1. fret-scroll (hui wen); 2. banana leaf pattern; 3. fret-scroll (hui wen); 4. interlocking camellia; 5. cloud head scrolls on shoulders; 6. interlocking peony flowers; 7. changing lotus petals pattern; 8. curving grass pattern. Besides unglazed lower sections of circular foot, slight blue-green clear glaze on entire vessel. Daily used ware.
Condition: Basically intact. Repaired spout.
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