Canopic Jar and Lid (Depicting a Baboon)
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
Canopic jars first appeared in the tomb of Hetepheres, the mother of Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. They were intended to hold the separately mummified internal organs. The middle-class examples of canopic jars, which first appeared seven hundred years later, are often dummies like these, never hollowed out to hold the organs, but still included in the tomb. Canopic jars demonstrate the development of a custom at a royal cemetery that was then adopted in a cheaper form by the middle class.
664-525 B.C.E. or later
XXVI Dynasty or later
9 3/4 x Diam. 4 3/4 in. (24.8 x 12.1 cm) (show scale)
This item is not on view
Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
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Canopic Jar and Lid (Depicting a Baboon), 664-525 B.C.E. or later. Limestone, 9 3/4 x Diam. 4 3/4 in. (24.8 x 12.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.897Ea-b. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 37.897Ea-b_front_PS1.jpg)
front, 37.897Ea-b_front_PS1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2007
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Limestone canopic jar (b) with (a) ape-headed stopper (Hapy). The carving of the head of this deity is more detailed than that of the other stoppers in this set of jars (37.894E-897E). This, plus the fact that the stopper is large and overlaps the vessel raises the question as to whether the lid was originally made for this vessel. An inscription in four columns, framed within a rectangular panel, is incised upon the vessel. The owner’s name was Hor.
Condition: One large chip has been taken from the stopper just below the baboon’s chin. Some black paint remains in the eyes.
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