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Pharaoh Offering an Image of Ma`at

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
This sunk relief depicts a pharaoh in traditional attire—wearing the Double Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt—and in a standard pose of offering. He holds a conventional image of a goddess, identified as Maat by her feathers. This offering signifies that the king has fulfilled his traditional responsibility of preserving the Egyptians’ universal order, personified as Maat. Yet the style of the relief dates it to the time when the actual ruler was either one of the later kings of the Macedonian Greek family of Ptolemy or the Roman emperor Augustus, who conquered Ptolemaic Egypt but never lived there.
CULTURES Egyptian; Nubian
MEDIUM Sandstone
  • Reportedly From: Sudan (ancient Nubia)
  • DATES 1st century B.C.E.
    PERIOD Ptolemaic Period to Roman Period
    DIMENSIONS 19 × 1 15/16 × 27 1/16 in. (48.3 × 5 × 68.7 cm)  (show scale)
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
    CAPTION Egyptian. Pharaoh Offering an Image of Ma`at, 1st century B.C.E. Sandstone, 19 × 1 15/16 × 27 1/16 in. (48.3 × 5 × 68.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.1525E. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 37.1525E_NegB_print_bw_SL4.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 37.1525E_NegB_print_bw_SL4.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2023
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    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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