Heart Scarab with Scene of the Goddess Ma`at and a Phoenix
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Funerary Gallery 2, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor
Living persons wore only one or a few amulets at a time, but mummies usually bear many amulets. The Ma’at amulet (no. 2) and heart scarabs (nos. 1, 3, 11), which occurred in many forms, guaranteed a successful judgment of the dead. The amulets of a hand (no. 8), lungs and a windpipe (no. 12), and wadjet-eyes (i.e., “healthy” eyes; no. 4) protected those parts of the body and also had connotations of resurrection and the unity or integrity of the mummy. The enigmatic aper amulet (no. 13) takes the form of the hieroglyph meaning “to be equipped,” perhaps in reference to the mummy’s preparation. The two crowns (nos. 5, 6) were symbols of power. The Heh insignia (no. 7), like the popular ankh-sign, denoted eternal life. Among the living, the frog (no. 9) and possibly also the hare (no. 10) suggested fertility. The amulets of the Four Sons of Horus (no. 15) perhaps served, as they did with canopic jars, to protect various organs of the body.
Egyptian blue (frit), traces of gold
ca. 893-868 B.C.E.
Third Intermediate Period
6 × 1 3/4 × 1 5/8 in. (15.2 × 4.4 × 4.1 cm)
Weight: 0.1 lb. (41.95 g) (show scale)
Gift of the Ernest Erickson Foundation, Inc.
Heart Scarab with Scene of the Goddess Ma`at and a Phoenix, ca. 893-868 B.C.E. Egyptian blue (frit), traces of gold, 6 × 1 3/4 × 1 5/8 in. (15.2 × 4.4 × 4.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Ernest Erickson Foundation, Inc., 86.226.22. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 86.226.22_view2_bw.jpg)
overall, 86.226.22_view2_bw.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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