Throughout Oller’s first Paris sojourn, Pierre-Édouard Frère’s small-scale paintings of village children engaged in everyday activities were enormously popular with the city’s middle class. Paintings such as The Little Cook were praised for their truthful observations of the lives of the poor, then a novel focus for painters.
Depictions of schooling, such as The Reprimand, were particularly fashionable after 1850, thanks to France’s renewed interest in educating young children. Oller was also intensely interested in pedagogy; he established art schools in Puerto Rico, published a treatise on geometry and art, and painted portraits of the island’s most influential teachers.
Durante la primera estadía en París de Oller, las pinturas a pequeña escala de Pierre-Édouard Frère de niños de pueblo, involucrados en actividades cotidianas, eran extremadamente populares en el círculo de la clase media de la ciudad. Pinturas, tales como La pequeña cocinera, fueron alabadas por sus observaciones verídicas de la vida de los pobres, las cuales en ese entonces constituían un enfoque novedoso para los pintores.
Las representaciones escolares, como La reprimenda, estuvieron de moda particularmente después de 1850 gracias al renovado interés de Francia por educar a niños jóvenes. Oller también tenía un gran interés en la pedagogía; él estableció escuelas de arte en Puerto Rico, publicó un tratado de geometría y arte y pintó retratos de los maestros más influyentes de la isla.
Oil on panel
10 7/16 x 8 3/16 in. (26.5 x 20.8 cm)
frame: 18 3/16 x 16 x 3 in. (46.2 x 40.6 x 7.6 cm) (show scale)
Signed and dated lower left: "Ed. Frère. 1863."
This item is not on view
Gift of the executors of the Estate of Colonel Michael Friedsam
No known copyright restrictions
This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Pierre-Édouard Frère (French, 1819-1886). The Reprimand, 1863. Oil on panel, 10 7/16 x 8 3/16 in. (26.5 x 20.8 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the executors of the Estate of Colonel Michael Friedsam, 32.814 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 32.814.jpg)
overall, 32.814.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.