Skip Navigation

Nightfall in St. Cloud (Abend im Park)

Gabriele Münter

European Art

Gabriele Münter’s studies of the Parisian countryside were executed en plein air (outdoors) with overlapping strokes of wet paint, thickly applied with a palette knife, resulting in nearly abstracted images of land and sky. Of her landscape painting, Münter said, “My main difficulty was I could not paint fast enough. My pictures are all moments of life—I mean instantaneous visual experiences, generally noted very rapidly and spontaneously. When I begin to paint, it’s like leaping suddenly into deep waters, and I never know beforehand whether I will be able to swim.”
MEDIUM Oil on paperboard mounted on pulpboard
  • Place Made: France
  • DATES 1906
    DIMENSIONS 3 15/16 x 6 1/2 in. (10 x 16.5 cm)  (show scale)
    SIGNATURE Signed lower left: "M"
    COLLECTIONS European Art
    ACCESSION NUMBER 1992.107.29
    CREDIT LINE Bequest of William K. Jacobs, Jr.
    PROVENANCE By 1962, estate of the artist; between 1962 and 1967, provenance not yet documented; 1967, purchased at Leonard Hutton Galleries, New York, NY by William K. Jacobs, Jr. of New York; 1992, gift of the estate of William K. Jacobs, Jr. to the Brooklyn Museum.
    Provenance FAQ
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Gabriele Münter (German, 1877–1962). Nightfall in St. Cloud (Abend im Park), 1906. Oil on paperboard mounted on pulpboard, 3 15/16 x 6 1/2 in. (10 x 16.5 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of William K. Jacobs, Jr., 1992.107.29. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 1992.107.29_PS9.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 1992.107.29_PS9.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2015
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT © artist or artist's estate
    Copyright for this work may be controlled by the artist, the artist's estate, or other rights holders. A more detailed analysis of its rights history may, however, place it in the public domain. The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.