Skip Navigation

Bathers (Baigneurs)

Paul Cézanne

European Art

Like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne was commissioned to create color prints by the enterprising publisher and dealer Ambroise Vollard, who believed that such work would appeal to collectors in an expanding art market. This print was based on the artist’s best-known painting at the time, Bathers at Rest, 1877. Not comfortable working directly on the stone, Cézanne drew his image in lithographic crayon on special paper, and that drawing was transferred to the stone and printed as this black-and-white proof. To create the subsequent color versions, Cézanne painted over the lithograph proof in watercolor, and the master printer Auguste Clot used that as his guide to prepare the color stones.

The figure on the right is based on a Roman sculpture of Hermes fastening his sandal that Cézanne saw at the Louvre.
MEDIUM Lithograph on laid paper
  • Place Made: France
  • DATES ca. 1898
    DIMENSIONS image: 16 1/8 × 19 3/4 in. (41 × 50.2 cm) sheet: 19 × 24 3/4 in. (48.3 × 62.9 cm)  (show scale)
    MARKINGS Watermarks: "MBM (France)
    SIGNATURE Unsigned
    COLLECTIONS European Art
    CREDIT LINE Carll H. de Silver Fund
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Paul Cézanne (French, 1839–1906). Bathers (Baigneurs), ca. 1898. Lithograph on laid paper, image: 16 1/8 × 19 3/4 in. (41 × 50.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Carll H. de Silver Fund, 40.891 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 40.891_transp1458.jpg)
    STATE Only state
    IMAGE overall, 40.891_transp1458.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
    This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement. You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form (charges apply). The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.
    Paul Cézanne (French, 1839–1906). <em>Bathers (Baigneurs)</em>, ca. 1898. Lithograph on laid paper, image: 16 1/8 × 19 3/4 in. (41 × 50.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Carll H. de Silver Fund, 40.891 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 40.891_transp1458.jpg)