Vase with Arabic Inscriptions
Gift exchange, tribute, the spread of religion, and overland as well as maritime trade were major transmitters of motifs, designs, and techniques between
China and the Roman Empire, Iran, and India. Primary goods, such as medicinal herbs, spices, animals (especially horses), animal products, ores, and
metals traveled east to China, while silk products, ceramics, metal wares,
paper, printed texts, and mint coins traveled west.
Certain objects draw attention to the resettlement of merchants and communities in foreign lands, such as the Muslim merchants from the Middle
East and Central Asia who settled in China's Fujian Province during the
Tang and Song periods and continued to immigrate there under the Mongol
Yuan emperors. Objects with Islamic inscriptions such as this Qing vase—inscribed "Insha'allah [The Will of God]," "Ghudrat-allah [The
Power of God]," and "Ni'mat-allah [The Grace of God]"—may have been
made for this Chinese Muslim community.
Three of the Names of God:
Insha'allah -- Will of God
Ghudrat-allah -- Power of God (omnipotent)
Ni'mat-allah -- Grace of God.
Translated by: Maryam Ekhtiar
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Vase with Arabic Inscriptions, 1736-1795. Glass, 10 1/4 x 5 3/8 in. (26 x 13.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Anonymous gift, 47.219.22. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 47.219.22.jpg)
overall, 47.219.22.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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