Strap Dress with Red and Green Embroidery
Arts of the Americas
Emulsion cured buckskin, dyed porcupine quills, glass beads, tin and copper tinklers, thread, sinew and pigment
early 19th century
This item is not on view
Henry L. Batterman Fund and Frank Sherman Benson Fund
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Probably Yanktonai, Nakota, Sioux (Native American). Strap Dress with Red and Green Embroidery, early 19th century. Emulsion cured buckskin, dyed porcupine quills, glass beads, tin and copper tinklers, thread, sinew and pigment, 46 x 21 in. (116.8 x 53.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Henry L. Batterman Fund and Frank Sherman Benson Fund, 50.67.2. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 50.67.2_SL1.jpg)
overall, 50.67.2_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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This dress is composed of four sections of very white and pliable skin, probably employing at least two deer or caribou hides. Two large pieces of skin were sewn together to form the front and back of the dress and the upper edge of the skin is turned down as a long graceful flap to the waist. Two smaller pieces of skin are added to serve as shoulder straps. The entire dress, including the quillwork, is sewn together with thread. The seams that join the two major sections are fringed. Fringe near the shoulder is clipped very short so that it appears "pinked" and the fringe at the bottom of the dress is wrapped with orange and blue porcupine quills.
The decoration of the shoulder straps is somewhat unusual as it differs from front to back. Scallops terminate the straps on the dress' front' while fringes decorate the shorter ends of the straps at the back. The straps are also decorated with a row of tiny black beads that edge the sides of these straps and surround the three scalloped lobes on each. Pairs of black beads in a double row decorate the section of the strap that intersects with the low neck line. Each scalloped portion of the straps is also ornamented, right and left, with bows made of hide strips wrapped at intervals with orange and light blue quills. Similar string-like ornaments are also attached at the proper right side of the front flap and the proper left side on the black flap. Quillwork strips across the body of the dress are in green, black, brown, white, reddish orange and light blue. Black seed beads and blue pony beads are applied as a scalloped border on an added piece of skin near the hem of the dress and tin cones are suspended in pairs from the apex of each of these beaded curves by thin hide strands wrapped at intervals with orange quills.
See Jarvis report in Arts of Americas files.
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