Skip Navigation

Our Lady of Cocharcas on the Altar

Arequipa School

American Art

Indigenous traditions gave rise to distinctly Spanish American iterations of Catholic faith. In the stories of local cults, Christianized Indians figure prominently as witnesses to miraculous apparitions of the Virgin Mary and demonstrations of her healing powers.

This painting shows a statue of Our Lady of Cocharcas, whose cult following developed after Sebastián Quimichi, a young Indian, made a pilgrimage to Our Lady of Copacabana. He purchased a replica of the miraculous statue and returned to his hometown of Cocharcas, where it was the source of miracles and developed a cult following as Our Lady of Cocharcas. A narrative scene at the bottom of the altar on which the statue stands shows Quimichi, his importance emphasized by his exaggerated size.

Las tradiciones indígenas dieron lugar a variaciones de la fe católica con características particulares hispanoamericanas. En las historias los de cultos locales, los indios cristianizados figuran prominentemente como testigos de las apariciones milagrosas de la Virgen María y de las demostraciones de sus poderes de curación.

Esta pintura muestra una estatua de Nuestra Señora de Cocharcas, cuyo culto surgió después de que Sebastián Quimichi, un joven indio, hiciera una peregrinación a Nuestra Señora de Copacabana. Allí compró una réplica de la estatua milagrosa, la que al volver a su ciudad natal de Cocharcas se convirtió en fuente de milagros, creando el culto a Nuestra Señora de Cocharcas. La escena narrativa en la base del altar que sostiene a la estatua muestra a Quimichi, enfatizando su importancia con su exagerado tamaño.

MEDIUM Oil on canvas
  • Place Made: Peru
  • DATES 18th century
    DIMENSIONS 34 7/8 x 30 1/8in. (88.6 x 76.5cm) frame: 41 1/4 x 36 1/2 x 2 1/4 in. (104.8 x 92.7 x 5.7 cm)  (show scale)
    COLLECTIONS American Art
    ACCESSION NUMBER 48.206.83
    CREDIT LINE Frank L. Babbott Fund, Frank Sherman Benson Fund, Carll H. de Silver Fund, A. Augustus Healy Fund, Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund, Charles Stewart Smith Memorial Fund, and Ella C. Woodward Memorial Fund
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    CAPTION Arequipa School. Our Lady of Cocharcas on the Altar, 18th century. Oil on canvas, 34 7/8 x 30 1/8in. (88.6 x 76.5cm). Brooklyn Museum, Frank L. Babbott Fund, Frank Sherman Benson Fund, Carll H. de Silver Fund, A. Augustus Healy Fund, Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund, Charles Stewart Smith Memorial Fund, and Ella C. Woodward Memorial Fund, 48.206.83 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 48.206.83_PS6.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 48.206.83_PS6.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2012
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
    This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement. You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form (charges apply). The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.