Linda Haukaas (Sicangu Lakota, born 1957). <em>Horse Nation</em>, 2010. Colored pencil and ink on late 1916 ledger paper, each sheet: 11 1/2 x 17 5/8 in. (29.2 x 44.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the artist, 2011.6a-b. © artist or artist's estate (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 2011.6a_PS6.jpg)

Horse Nation

Artist:Linda Haukaas

Medium: Colored pencil and ink on late 1916 ledger paper

Geograhical Locations:


Dimensions: each sheet: 11 1/2 x 17 5/8 in. (29.2 x 44.7 cm)



Accession Number: 2011.6a-b

Image: 2011.6a_PS6.jpg,

Catalogue Description:
This complimentary pair of drawings depicts horses galloping across the background-facing opposite directions on each drawing, with four women with their backs to the viewer watching the horses. Each woman wears elaborate regalia and carries fans and pouches, the type of decorations used to decorate and honor horses. The details on each of their clothing depict warriors and horses in battle .To paraphrase the artist: The purpose of the drawings, "Horse Nation," is to honor 'tasunka wakan,' the horse, for its importance for the Lakota, Nakota and Dakota Oyate, the People. The horse allowed them to increase their mobility for travel and hunting, expand their territory, advance their 'akicita' (warrior societies that protect them), improve their economy, relieve their burdens and,as Linda indicates "most importantly gave women someone else to love." Linda Haukaas recreates 19th century style ledger art within a modern context with themes that particularly highlight women's roles in Plains society and with ceremonial and daily scenes that resonate today. She researches Museum collections and her own history to authenticate the historical references. Since in the past such representative drawings would have been done solely by the male artist she has broken new boundaries as a female ledger artist.

Brooklyn Museum