<em>Ritual Wine Vessel (Guang)</em>, 13th-11th century B.C.E. Bronze, 6 1/2 x 3 1/4 x 8 1/2 in. (16.5 x 8.3 x 21.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Alastair B. Martin, the Guennol Collection, 72.163a-b. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: , 72.163a-b_PS9.jpg)

Ritual Wine Vessel (Guang)

Medium: Bronze

Geograhical Locations:

Dates:13th-11th century B.C.E.

Dimensions: 6 1/2 x 3 1/4 x 8 1/2 in. (16.5 x 8.3 x 21.6 cm)


Museum Location: Asian Galleries, West, 2nd floor (China)


Accession Number: 72.163a-b

Image: 72.163a-b_PS9.jpg,

Catalogue Description:
Oblong wine pouring vessel in the shape of a mythical animal, mold-cast in bronze with high-relief decoration of stylized animal and geometric forms. Brooklyn's Shang Dynasty bronze "Guang" is the Museum's finest early bronze. Truly sculptural in its conception, the "Guang" combines striking animal imagery with finely cast geometric designs. The rituals of the Shang kings were elaborations of banquets that included serving food and wine, and this superbly cast "Guang" is a type of wine vessel. Like other bronzes, it is a symbol of authority, and possession of the best artistic products is directly linked to social and political prestige. The decoration of animals and animal masks raises the much debated question of meaning in Shang bronzes. One writer has suggested the animals represent spirits that possessed Shang shamans during ritual, but this question, which is fueled by the extraordinary sophistication and assurance of Shang animal ornament, has no simple answer.

Brooklyn Museum