On View: American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, The United States on the World Stage, 1865–1930
Kimbel and Cabus was the foremost practitioner of the Modern Gothic style in the United States. This cabinet-secretary is an example of this style, which began in England about 1860. The style helped introduce very modern design concepts such as construction made from solid instead of veneered planks. The simple and rectilinear forms and abstract, flat depictions of nature are also elements of the Modern Gothic style. Such ideas helped to usher in the modern taste for abstraction in the early twentieth century.
Ebonized cherry, other woods, gilt incising, brass, leather, glazed earthenware tiles
59 x 34 7/8 x 13 3/8 in. (149.9 x 88.6 x 33.4 cm) (show scale)
reverse of each ceramic tile, molded lettering: "MONTREAU / L. M&.Cie / CREIL"
Bequest of DeLancey Thorn Grant in memory of her mother, Louise Floyd-Jones Thorn, by exchange
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Kimbel and Cabus (1863-1882). Cabinet-Secretary, ca. 1875. Ebonized cherry, other woods, gilt incising, brass, leather, glazed earthenware tiles, 59 x 34 7/8 x 13 3/8 in. (149.9 x 88.6 x 33.4 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of DeLancey Thorn Grant in memory of her mother, Louise Floyd-Jones Thorn, by exchange, 1991.126. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 1991.126_IMLS_SL2.jpg)
overall, 1991.126_IMLS_SL2.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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Cabinet or secretary; ebonized wood, brass, leather, ceramic tile. Cabinet of plank construction; rectangular block front bottom topped by square fall-front section, which intersects a peaked, pyramidal back support. Deep, narrow side shelves with pierced outer sides over small square side drawers (g, h) flank the central fall-front section. Cabinet (a) rises on blocked feet with curved side support and scalloped base. Bottom front has two doors inset with elaborate, incised, gilt metal, functional hinge plates and escutcheons; all fittings held in place by round-head screws. Center of lower doors inset with ceramic tiles capped at top and bottom with gilt, incised fan motifs. Tile decoration: red, pierced quatrefoil design with white-pedaled, green-stemmed flowers radiating from center rosette, all on a blue ground; side border design of opposing green and black chevrons and green semi-circles on top and bottom, with diamond-shaped motifs in corners. Right edge of proper left door panel contains vertical band of carved, pyramidal decoration. Interior lower cabinet has one adjustable shelf (b) with four holding pegs (c, d, e, f). Lower section of cabinet separated from upper section by a narrow, horizontal, gilt-incised band of alternating vertical slash-and-dot pattern. Upper section of cabinet has fall-front panel with arched and scalloped bottom edge and large gilt, incised, decorative hinge plate and escutcheon. Center panel decorated with winged dragon on a stippled ground in square canopy surrounded by conventionalized gilt-incised floral design. Upper section of cabinet topped by blind gallery, accented by small diamond-shaped marquetry panel. Marquetry decoration: outlined center rosette with four larger solid black radiating triangular petals, all on a yellow diamond-shaped ground with a dark red border outlined in black with solid black diamond-shaped motifs in each corner. Triangular back support of cabinet extends from midway up the fall-front to a peak directly above the marquetry panel. Interior fall-front contains green stippled leather writing surface with gilt on red Greek-key border; single interior drawer (i) and open storage area topped by four deep, narrow storage spaces separated by three dividers. Cabinet retains one original key for lower cabinet doors (j) and later smaller key for upper fall-front door (k). (Sub letters are for description references only)
CONDITION - Overall very good. Ebonized finish appears to be intact; gilding along edges of metalwork shows minor wear, ceramic tiles in excellent condition.
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