Long before they made icons of Hindu or Buddhist deities, the artists of India created images of gods and goddesses that appear to have been associated with fertility and abundance. The identities of these deities are unknown—it is likely that they were called by many different names—but their representations share several features, most notably well-fed, voluptuous bodies and abundant jewelry. Most of the images of these deities are small, formed from clay, and were probably worshipped on domestic shrines or used as amulets. The female figures far outnumber the male.
These clay figurines appear in a wide variety of styles, reflecting differences in the tastes and modeling abilities of various regions and periods. This lively female figure comes from an area of Pakistan where merchants from around the Mediterranean had long maintained trading posts. The area, known in antiquity as Gandhara, developed an unusual hybrid style of art and culture that was at once Hellenic and Indic. The face and upper torso of this figure resemble those on terracotta images from the classical world, while her wide hips and ornate coiffure are more typical of Indian fertility goddesses.
- Cultures: Taxila; or Sirkap
- Medium: Terracotta
- Geographical Locations:
- Dates: 1st century C.E.
- Period: Kushana Period
- Dimensions: 7 x 3 5/8 x 1 1/2 in. (17.8 x 9.2 x 3.8 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Asian Art
- Museum Location: This item is not on view
- Accession Number: 88.194
- Credit Line: Gift of Georgia and Michael de Havenon
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Taxila. Standing Female, 1st century C.E. Terracotta, 7 x 3 5/8 x 1 1/2 in. (17.8 x 9.2 x 3.8 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Georgia and Michael de Havenon, 88.194. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: Red terracotta, hand-modeled and molded. Female figure standing on a round flat base with her feet together. She is nude except for an elaborate headdress consisting of flowers and a water pot at her left, and she is adorned with earplugs and anklets. Her face is molded but her torso is hand-molded with high round breasts, a narrow waist, ample hips and thighs. A long braid hangs to get lower back. Her arms are held straight out to either side beside her hips. Other similar terracotta figurines have been unearthed in the region of Taxila, particularly at Sirkap, which was excavated and published by Sir John Marshall cf. reports of the 1913-1934 excavation reports, in Taxila (Cambridge, 1951) Vol. III, pl. 132, torsos numbers 6-9, and pl. 133, heads, numbers 4648. The figure arrived with its own black base. Conditions: Left arm below elbows is a plaster restoration. Otherwise condition is excellent.
- Record Completeness: Best (84%)