In Bust of a Female, what exactly is a guillotine border?
That's actually a typo that we are working on getting fixed. In reality, the border on this textile fragment is referred to as a guilloche border which is formed from interlacing circles. The pattern was very common in art throughout the ancient Mediterranean dating back thousands of years.
Was this made by hand?
Yes, these Coptic textiles were made entirely by hand, though looms were certainly utilized. The flying-shuttle technique referenced in the label involved an extra shuttle to create the fine details in the weft.
Incredible. Thanks again! Is this technique ever used in the present?
Like all weaving techniques, the flying shuttle technique is still used today, though I believe it has fallen out of favor in larger industrial settings. Home weavers and historically minded weavers still use techniques that might be obsolete in the context of mass production.
It looks like a mushroom in her basket. Could that be the case?
It is actually a basket of fruit! The pose parallels Late Roman representation and personifications.