Autumn Mountains, for Jichang (Chi-ch'ang)
Fans offer painters a more intimate, and sometimes less formal, format than that of scrolls. Many antique fan paintings were immediately mounted onto album pages, but some—like this one—have fold marks to indicate that they were used before being laid flat. The Manchuria-born artist Tang Dai received the title of “Number One Painter” from the Kangxi emperor. By the time he painted this fan, he was serving Kangxi’s successor as a veteran court artist. The poem at the top is dedicated to a friend who was leaving for a distant post. It extends the wish that when the friend opens the fan, he will feel that he is once again face to face with the artist.
Fan painting, ink and light color on iridescent paper
Fan: 7 7/16 x 22 1/16 in. (18.9 x 56 cm)
10 1/16 x 19 7/8 in. (25.6 x 50.5 cm) (show scale)
Purchased with funds given by the Joseph Hotung Family in memory of Stanley J. Love
The painting in light colors and ink on slightly iridescent, mica-coated paper shows an autumn landscape, identified as such with a middle-ground shore sloping down to a lake. A river runs out of a forested valley and enters the lake in front of four buildings of a gentleman's country villa. A group of large rocks to the left of the buildings screens a path leading to an arched stone bridge. On the near shore is another, detached building of the villa, seen through a cleft among the trees on the rocky shore. A large tree-covered mountain rises at the right- center of the composition, flanked by lower ranges and distant blue peaks. The group of pines to the right of the villa's buildings, which evoke the style of the Yuan dynasty painter Wang Meng (ca. 1309-1385), the rounded hillocks and dotted foliage in the style of the 10th century master Ju Ran, and other elements of the painting's style place it firmly within the Orthodox tradition of Tang Dai's teacher, Wang Yuanqi (1642-1715). The sense of light and dark in the painting is probably a reflection of Tang Dai's own interest in European painting, practiced at the Qing court by Jesuit missionaries.
The painting has been removed from the fan armature and mounted in Chinese style in a heavy paper folder. The fold marks are clearly visible, with stains at each of the outward folds. There are minor red stains or foxing on the inside of the paper folder opposite the fan.
This item is not on view
Tang Dai (Chinese, 1673-1754 or later). Autumn Mountains, for Jichang (Chi-ch'ang), 1739. Fan painting, ink and light color on iridescent paper, Fan: 7 7/16 x 22 1/16 in. (18.9 x 56 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by the Joseph Hotung Family in memory of Stanley J. Love, 1995.8. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 1995.8_IMLS_PS3.jpg)
overall, 1995.8_IMLS_PS3.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.