Through a playful arrangement of glowing lines and colorful geometric shapes Wassily Kandinsky suggests a figure standing on one leg between the sun and the moon. Whereas his early work consisted of clearly defined figure studies and fanciful reminiscences of his native Russia, Kandinsky’s paintings after World War I became more geometric, partly in response to Russian Suprematism, which celebrated pure abstract forms floating in limitless space. Kandinsky painted Stubborn in Germany, where he had moved in 1921 to join the experimental Bauhaus school of art and design.
Oil on paperboard
27 3/4 x 19 1/8in. (70.5 x 48.6cm)
Frame: 37 1/4 x 28 3/4 in. (94.6 x 73 cm) (show scale)
Monogrammed and dated lower left: "VK/29"
This item is not on view
Bequest of William K. Jacobs, Jr.
© artist or artist's estate
Copyright for this work may be controlled by the artist, the artist's estate, or other rights holders. A more detailed analysis of its rights history may, however, place it in the public domain.
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944). Stubborn (Hartnäckig), 1929. Oil on paperboard, 27 3/4 x 19 1/8in. (70.5 x 48.6cm). Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of William K. Jacobs, Jr., 1992.107.19. © artist or artist's estate
overall, 1992.107.19_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.