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Fragments of Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
This papyrus was most likely a mathematical reference textbook for the use of scribes. These fragments became separated from the main papyrus when the roll was broken into two parts, probably at the time of its discovery in the mid-nineteenth century.

The fragments seen in the upper register, and those few on the right, are from the end of a section that dealt with the simplification of fractions. The fragments in the five lower registers on the left come from the beginning of the section that demonstrated the equitable division of one, two, six, seven, eight, and nine loaves of bread among ten men.
MEDIUM Papyrus, ink
DATES ca. 1493-1481 B.C.E.
PERIOD New Kingdom
DIMENSIONS Largest Fragment: 6 5/16 x 3 3/8 in. (16 x 8.5 cm)  (show scale)
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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CAPTION Fragments of Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, ca. 1493-1481 B.C.E. Papyrus, ink, Largest Fragment: 6 5/16 x 3 3/8 in. (16 x 8.5 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.1784Ea-b (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 37.1784e_transpc005.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 37.1784e_transpc005.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
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