Scribe Statue of Amunhotep, Son of Nebiry
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
On View: Old Kingdom to 18th Dynasty, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
The Egyptians valued learning and literacy above all other skills, including physical strength and military prowess. Men who mastered reading and writing were frequently represented as scribes: sitting cross-legged with inscribed papyrus rolls in their laps. Some examples, such as this one, show the subject with his head gently inclined as if reading the papyrus.
So-called scribe statues were first produced in the Fourth Dynasty (circa 2625–2500 B.C.E.). Originally only princes were permitted to appear in this form, but as access to schooling increased over time, scribe statues became relatively common. The subject of this sculpture, a man named Amunhotep, held several priestly and administrative offices
ca. 1426-1400 B.C.E.
26 x 13 3/16 x 14 13/16 in. (66 x 33.5 x 37.6 cm) (show scale)
Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Scribe Statue of Amunhotep, Son of Nebiry, ca. 1426-1400 B.C.E. Limestone, 26 x 13 3/16 x 14 13/16 in. (66 x 33.5 x 37.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.29E. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 37.29E_front_SL1.jpg)
front, 37.29E_front_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Pale cream-colored limestone squatting statue of Amenhotep, son of Nebiry. Amenhotep is represented with a papyrus scroll unrolled in his lap, and with his head gently inclined as if he were reading. His legs are crossed in the attitude of a scribe. He wears a heavy striated wig, and a kilt. The eyebrows are plastic, but not overly long and extended. They parallel the curvature of the eyelids, and dip towards the root of the nose. The eyeballs are convex, and bulge slightly. The upper eyelid rims are plastic and are contoured by a neatly incised line. The upper lip is straight. The lower lid droops, and there are deep depressions at the corners of the mouth. The folds of the skin on the stomach are indicated.
Condition: Nose missing; left eye damaged; small plaster repair at left shoulder.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.